Abbreviated injury scale - (AIS)
The AIS was originally designed to stratify victims of motor vehicle crashes.
On its own its not designed to provide any outcome prediction. It forms the basis of the ISS.
It has undergone six revisions since its initial first description in 1971
AIS - 90 has 1300 individual injuries.
The AIS injury severity values are consensus-derived and range from 1 (minor) to 6 (fatal). Only blunt injuries were included in the first AIS.
Limitations of AIS:
Looking up the scales
The AIS scales for particular injuries were developed by the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine (AAAM) (see link below).
The scales are very similar to the Organ Injury Scales developed by the Organ Injury Scaling Committee of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma. Also available at trauma.org http://www.trauma.org/scores/ois.html
Predicting outcome after multiple trauma: which scoring system?; Injury, Volume 35, Issue 4, April 2004, Pages 347-358; M. N. Chawda , F. Hildebrand , H. C. Pape and P. V. Giannoudis
Committee on Medical Aspects of Automotive Safety. Rating the severity of tissue damage. JAMA. 1971;215:277-286
Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, Committee on Injury Scaling. The Abbreviated Injury Scale—1990 Revision (AIS-90). Des Plains, IL: Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine; 1990.
http://www.carcrash.org/ - The Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine (AAAM)
Last updated 14/09/2004